Silongies, You Ask?
Making silicone coated sponge tires!
By Larry Shephard
|Silongies you ask? Silicone coated
sponge tires or spongilies. whatever. I did this type of tire back
in the middle 60's. And again in the late 80's for a short time. They worked
well for a time in the 60's till the super sticky sponge tires became the
standard fare and I stopped making the silicone sponge tires as I got tired
of keeping up, doing them, only by myself locally. And the new sponge tires
were at that time quicker and cheaper. Cars were quicker and in 1/24th
scale the coated tires could not keep up. But now in 1/32nd scale with
our lower power motors and smaller tracks, such as at home or small 4-6
lane commercial tracks they seem to work well again, such as at the Marconi
proxy. So for those who would like to try making you own, here is a quick
article on how I make them for my own use.
I use them mainly to make wider tires than are available other than by special order from the silicone tire makers. I like as wide a tire as I can get to suit my needs. I use old worn down sponge tires with the big and full hubs such as made by Jk, HTK, Or Alpha on my 1/24th cars. This gives me at least a .450 inside diameter for inserts. I like them worn down to about .750 for rears or trimmed down to that size. adjust for your needs by trimming. I make them about .030-040 smaller than the desired finished size. That allows about a .030-.040 coat of silicone. I have found this brand of silicone to work the best so far. Permatex black silicone sealant available in 3oz tubes at the local auto parts store.
I prepare the tires by truing to exact size on a tire truer of commercial or home made type, or a hand held drill motor and sand paper block. When truing, make sure they have a true tire shape with rounded sidewalls and a rounded edge to resist grabbing the slot or braid in corners. It also makes the silicone stick to the tire better and resist peeling at the edges. Very important point in keeping them intact for awhile while racing them. After truing them up, now you must clean them very well. I use lighter fluid and a clean rag. Wet them down several times and wipe off any truing dust or tire goop material, so the rag shows clean when done.
Mount them on a spare axle near the end so you can easily grip them by the axle with out touching the tire. Mount the tire and axle in a lathe chuck or use a small drill press or hand held drill motor, held in a vise to have control, of how they get worked on. Make sure the motor does not spin them too fast or you will not get the silicone to stick and get some thrown off in your face, (messy).
Once mounted in the chuck, open the tube of silicone, and with a clean dry finger apply a 1/4 inch long ribbon of the silicone as it comes out of the tube to your finger and then rub it in vigourosly into the tire surface working the first coat in firmly to get seated it into the tire surface completely. It will take at least 3 to 4 applications of the same size amount of silicone to coat the tire well enough to build up a coating of at least .030 -040 to come to the desired diameter of the tire.
When all coats are applied, clean your
finger off well. I reccomend a finger wetted with spit (water) to be applied
to the tire surface to work the silicone now on the tire surface, into
a smooth and complete coating. Especially working it down around the sidewalls
to the rim. Make sure the sidewalls have a good coating front
Once it looks right and true, watch the runout, remove the axle and wheel from the chuck with out touching the tire. Place the axle end, in an upright position in a hole drilled in a block of wood so it will stand, up right by it self. Then when both or as many as you have done, are mounted in enough holes, place the block of wood under a 60 watt lamp to warm them up for at least 3 hours to dry the silicone out. When dry, you can true the tire up, or just run them in. I find as I get practice at it I can get my tires to with .010 of the same diameter easily. Then it is only a matter of a light sanding to even the diameters out close enough for racing purposes. Many of them are ready to run right after drying and just a few laps of track time will true them right up.
I realize this is quick and dirty, so if you have questions please ask and we wil try to give an answer. It looks easy but does take some practice. Don't atempt this on wheels with inserts as the silicone will tend to wrap around the sidewalls and get into the inserts and get messy. On plain wheels it is easy to clean it out and then add the inserts after. Lucks of luck, I have some of these tires still around and usable from some I made in the middle 80's. The silicone tens to seal the sponge rubber from the air and does not alow it to dry out as it normally does. They stay soft for quite a while while fully coated.
by Larry Shephard
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